A team from the University of Yarmouk headed by Prof. Atef Al-Shiyab, Vice Dean of the Faculty of Archeology and Anthropology, Director of the archaeological excavations project (Umm Qais Tunnel).
For the first time a water tunnel was discovered under the Hellenistic temple in the center of the city and to the north of Decumanus Street, which dates back to the Hellenistic period and was reused through Roman, Byzantine and Islamic periods . These excavations revealed the extensions and directions of this tunnel and its relationship withthe Decumanus. This central tunnel is connected with other water tunnels and leads to water basins located in the Roman Hercules bathhouse and to the west of the discovered Hellenistic temple by the research team.
The project manager Professor Al Shiyab said that an analytical study will be conducted on this tunnel in order to study its nature and architectural functions as well asclarifying the water system in the city of Umm Qais through drawings, photographs and archeological remains. The new discovery will provide a new architectural, and historical information about the water system complex in Hellenistic and Roman times. He added that this tunnel will be interpreted and correlated it with other tunnels in other Decapolis cites.
Al-Shiyab said that one of the most important objectives of such excavations in the future is to rehabilitate this tunnel to be ready for visitors and to be in harmony with the rest of the archaeological remains at Umm Qais. In addition the awareness of the local community about the importance of this discovery in terms economic impacts to create sustainable development and encourage the local community to help in preserving the heritage of Umm Qais.